7 Steps in the Surrogacy Medical Process

By October 22, 2018
A surrogate mother is taking the test

It seems that the process of surrogacy is quite simple. A surrogate mother carries an embryo for the intended parent. However, to guarantee the safety of both surrogate and fetus, both sides need to prepare a lot. In order for the whole process to go smoothly, the surrogate mother must make full preparation. In this article, we give an overview of the surrogacy medical process. It includes medical screening and embryo transfer to final delivery. This article includes detailed information about each part of the process and what the surrogate mother needs to do.

Step 1: Medical Screening

Before the matching and embryo transfer, the surrogate must get ready for pregnancy. This process involves various physical and mental tests and exams, including:

Physical exam and Pap smear: a screening procedure for cervical cancer.

Bloodwork: checking for infectious diseases, like HIV or hepatitis.

Hysteroscopy: determining the shape and size of the uterus.

Saline sonogram: checking for fibroids and other issues that may cause problems during pregnancy.

Before her pregnancy, the surrogate needs to completely understand the whole process. Moreover, make full preparation for this challenge.

Click this link to get more details about the requirements to be a surrogate: https://joyoflifesurrogacy.com/blog-post/what-are-the-requirements-to-be-a-surrogate-mother-2/

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Step 2: Mock Cycle

Some surrogates experience a mock cycle before the real transfer. In the mock cycle, the reproductive endocrinologist will put the surrogate into the same situation that they will endure to prepare for the real transfer cycle. There are multiple ultrasounds and bloodwork in the mock cycle to determine the hormone levels and the lining of the uterus. Also, a trial transfer may be done in the mock cycle to check the angle of the cervix and the length of the uterine cavity.

In this process, the surrogate mother needs to follow the doctor’s instructions and communicate with them closely to learn more about each step.]


Step 3: Preparing for the Embryo Transfer

The preparation for the transfer depends on whether the intended parents choose a fresh or frozen cycle. If they choose a frozen cycle, their embryos are already made and will be transferred in the middle of the surrogate’s natural cycle. If they choose a fresh cycle, the menstrual cycle of the surrogate and the intended mother or egg donor should be at the same pace.

To achieve this, birth control pills and Lupron injections are a must to help doctor have more control over the cycle.

Step 4: Embryo Transfer

An already-made embryo will be transferred to the surrogate’s uterus in a quick and painless way. This procedure usually happens in the fertility clinic being used by the intended parents. As for the number of embryos transferred, the surrogate needs to have a discussion about this before she signs a contract.Although this procedure is quick and painless, the surrogate needs to remain at the fertility clinic for a few hours and have enough rest for a few days after that.


Step 5: Confirmation of Pregnancy

Around ten days after the embryo transfer, the surrogate needs to have a blood test in the fertility clinic or lab to confirm the pregnancy. This test can determine HCG levels, and, if the number goes up every two days, the pregnancy  is successful.

There will be an ultrasound test for the heartbeat at the sixth week of pregnancy. A heartbeat is a confirmation of a strong fetus in the womb.

Step 6: Prenatal Care

If anything goes wrong during the pregnancy, a local OB/GYN can help and provide the surrogate with prenatal care. Compared with a regular pregnancy, the surrogate mother has to make more frequent appointments to ensure the health and safety of the fetus.

Step 7: Delivery

This is the final and most exciting step of the surrogacy. The intended parents are present in the hospital for the birth and they usually wait in the delivery room to welcome their little angel.After this journey is over, the surrogate mother can get her remaining compensation.

Basically, this is an overview of a regular surrogacy process. Joy of Life, as a professional surrogacy agency, will present at every step of the surrogacy. We aim to provide intended parents and surrogates with the most professional advice.

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